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Islamic Science and Innovation: A Legacy of Enlightenment

Exploring the Golden Age and Pioneering Contributions in Astronomy and Medicine

Golden Age of Islamic Science

An Epoch of Intellectual Brilliance

The Golden Age of Islamic civilisation witnessed an extraordinary flourishing of knowledge, where scholars delved into various fields of science, mathematics, and philosophy. Libraries and centers of learning like the House of Wisdom in Baghdad served as hubs of innovation, nurturing intellectual curiosity and scientific inquiry.

Hadith (Sahih al-Bukhari) — “The seeking of knowledge is obligatory for every Muslim.”

Contributions to Astronomy

Stargazing and Advancements in Cosmology

Islamic astronomers made monumental strides in understanding celestial bodies and their movements. Pioneers like Ibn Al-Haytham, known for his work on optics and the scientific method, laid the foundation for modern astronomy. They refined the astrolabe, allowing precise observations of the stars, contributing immensely to our understanding of the cosmos. The astrolabe, used by the Portuguese, lead to the era of world exploration and whose importance was so foundational, it’s still symbolised on the Portuguese flag today. In addition, the vast majority of stars named throughout history have Arabic names.


  • The Cambridge Concise History of Astronomy by Michael Hoskin

Quran (55:5) — “The sun and the moon [move] by precise calculation.”

Contributions to Medicine

Healing Arts and Medical Innovation

Islamic scholars’ contributions to medicine, epitomised by figures like Ibn Sina (Avicenna), revolutionized medical practices. Their texts, such as “The Canon of Medicine,” became authoritative sources for centuries, detailing anatomy, pharmacology, and diagnostic methods, shaping the foundation of modern medicine.

Hadith (Sahih Muslim) — “Make use of medical treatment, for Allah has not made a disease without appointing a remedy for it.”

The legacy of Islamic science and innovation underscores a profound commitment to inquiry, discovery, and advancement. It stands as a testament to the rich heritage of intellectual curiosity and meticulous research, inviting admiration and appreciation from both Muslims and non-Muslims for its enduring contributions to human progress and understanding.

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